Microsoft to open source the Edge browser JavaScript engine

Move is designed to allow its partners to make their own contributions.

The Edge browser that comes with Windows 10 shows a marked improvement in performance, particularly in the area of JavaScript performance. Now Microsoft wants to amp up performance even more, and is going to do so by making the JavaScript engine source available as open source.

Microsoft wrote the Chakra JavaScript engine from scratch, using the most current Java technologies to give Edge a major performance boost over the aging Internet Explorer line. At the JSConf show for JavaScript and Web developers, the company announced that the core components, known as ChakraCore, will be released on GitHub next month. The type of license was not disclosed.

The announcement came in the form of a blog post, as usual, from Gaurav Seth, principal PM manager. Seth said that in addition to getting community/user contribution, vendors like Intel, AMD, and NodeSource had expressed interest in contributing to ChakraCore.

The open source code does not include the engine’s private bindings for COM and Universal Windows Apps. Instead, ChakraCore will support a new set of modern diagnostic APIs, which will be platform-agnostic and could be standardized or made interoperable across different implementations.

The initial January release will be for Windows only, but Seth said the company is committed to bringing ChakraCore to other platforms in the future. “We’d invite developers to help us in this pursuit by letting us know which other platforms they’d like to see ChakraCore supported on to help us prioritize future investments, or even by helping port it to the platform of their choice.” Translation: please port it to Linux.

Microsoft will open its public GitHub repository for community contributions in January. At that time, it will provide more details on the project, its priorities, and how to contribute to the project.

“The community is at the heart of any open source project, so we look forward to the community cloning the repository, inspecting the code, building it, and contributing everything from new functionality to tests or bug fixes,” Seth wrote. “We also welcome suggestions on how to improve ChakraCore for particular scenarios that are important to you or your business.”

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Exam 70-697 Configuring Windows Devices (beta)

Exam 70-697 Configuring Windows Devices (beta)

Published: September 1, 2015
Languages: English
Audiences: IT professionals
Technology Windows 10
Credit toward certification: Specialist

Skills measured
This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

Do you have feedback about the relevance of the skills measured on this exam? Please send Microsoft your comments. All feedback will be reviewed and incorporated as appropriate while still maintaining the validity and reliability of the certification process. Note that Microsoft will not respond directly to your feedback. We appreciate your input in ensuring the quality of the Microsoft Certification program.

If you have concerns about specific questions on this exam, please submit an exam challenge.

Manage identity (13%)
Support Windows Store and cloud apps
Install and manage software by using Microsoft Office 365 and Windows Store apps, sideload apps by using Microsoft Intune, sideload apps into online and offline images, deeplink apps by using Microsoft Intune, integrate Microsoft account including personalization settings
Support authentication and authorization
Identifying and resolving issues related to the following: Multi-factor authentication including certificates, Microsoft Passport, virtual smart cards, picture passwords, and biometrics; workgroup vs. domain, Homegroup, computer and user authentication including secure channel, account policies, credential caching, and Credential Manager; local account vs. Microsoft account; Workplace Join; Configuring Windows Hello

Plan desktop and device deployment (13%)
Migrate and configure user data
Migrate user profiles; configure folder location; configure profiles including profile version, local, roaming, and mandatory
Configure Hyper-V
Create and configure virtual machines including integration services, create and manage checkpoints, create and configure virtual switches, create and configure virtual disks, move a virtual machine’s storage
Configure mobility options
Configure offline file policies, configure power policies, configure Windows To Go, configure sync options, configure Wi-Fi direct, files, powercfg, Sync Center
Configure security for mobile devices
Configure BitLocker, configure startup key storage

Plan and implement a Microsoft Intune device management solution (11%)
Support mobile devices
Support mobile device policies including security policies, remote access, and remote wipe; support mobile access and data synchronization including Work Folders and Sync Center; support broadband connectivity including broadband tethering and metered networks; support Mobile Device Management by using Microsoft Intune, including Windows Phone, iOS, and Android
Deploy software updates by using Microsoft Intune
Use reports and In-Console Monitoring to identify required updates, approve or decline updates, configure automatic approval settings, configure deadlines for update installations, deploy third-party updates
Manage devices with Microsoft Intune
Provision user accounts, enroll devices, view and manage all managed devices, configure the Microsoft Intune subscriptions, configure the Microsoft Intune connector site system role, manage user and computer groups, configure monitoring and alerts, manage policies, manage remote computers

Configure networking (11%)
Configure IP settings
Configure name resolution, connect to a network, configure network locations
Configure networking settings
Connect to a wireless network, manage preferred wireless networks, configure network adapters, configure location-aware printing
Configure and maintain network security
Configure Windows Firewall, configure Windows Firewall with Advanced Security, configure connection security rules (IPsec), configure authenticated exceptions, configure network discovery

Configure storage (10%)
Support data storage
Identifying and resolving issues related to the following: DFS client including caching settings, storage spaces including capacity and fault tolerance, OneDrive
Support data security
Identifying and resolving issues related to the following: Permissions including share, NTFS, and Dynamic Access Control (DAC); Encrypting File System (EFS) including Data Recovery Agent; access to removable media; BitLocker and BitLocker To Go including Data Recovery Agent and Microsoft BitLocker Administration and Monitoring (MBAM)

Manage data access and protection (11%)
Configure shared resources
Configure shared folder permissions, configure HomeGroup settings, configure libraries, configure shared printers, configure OneDrive
Configure file and folder access
Encrypt files and folders by using EFS, configure NTFS permissions, configure disk quotas, configure file access auditing Configure authentication and authorization

Manage remote access (10%)
Configure remote connections
Configure remote authentication, configure Remote Desktop settings, configure VPN connections and authentication, enable VPN reconnect, configure broadband tethering
Configure mobility options
Configure offline file policies, configure power policies, configure Windows To Go, configure sync options, configure Wi-Fi direct

Manage apps (11%)
Deploy and manage Azure RemoteApp
Configure RemoteApp and Desktop Connections settings, configure Group Policy Objects (GPOs) for signed packages, subscribe to the Azure RemoteApp and Desktop Connections feeds, export and import Azure RemoteApp configurations, support iOS and Android, configure remote desktop web access for Azure RemoteApp distribution
Support desktop apps
The following support considerations including: Desktop app compatibility using Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT) including shims and compatibility database; desktop application co-existence using Hyper-V, Azure RemoteApp, and App-V; installation and configuration of User Experience Virtualization (UE-V); deploy desktop apps by using Microsoft Intune

Manage updates and recovery (10%)

Configure system recovery
Configure a recovery drive, configure system restore, perform a refresh or recycle, perform a driver rollback, configure restore points
Configure file recovery
Restore previous versions of files and folders, configure File History, recover files from OneDrive
Configure and manage updates
Configure update settings, configure Windows Update policies, manage update history, roll back updates, update Windows Store apps



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70-341 Core Solutions of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013

You need to prepare the environment for the implementation of phase 1.
What changes must be made to the environment before you can install Exchange Server 2013?

A. The operating system or service pack level of TexDC1 needs to be upgraded.
B. The Windows 2008 R2 domain controllers in Washington and Boston need to be upgraded.
C. A server running Exchange Server 2007 or Exchange Server 2010 needs to be installed in Texas.
D. The PDC emulator role needs to be transferred to a domain controller in Washington or Boston.

Answer: A


You are evaluating whether the proposed Exchange solution will meet the current and future
capacity requirements.
You want to gather statistics about the current Exchange environment.
Which of the following tools would you use to determine the number of emails sent to and received
by the current users?

A. Remote Server Administration Tools.
B. Microsoft Exchange Server Profile Analyzer.
C. Microsoft Exchange Server Deployment Assistant.
D. ESEUtil.exe.
E. Microsoft Exchange Server Jetstress.

Answer: B


You need to apply the required size restriction to the mailboxes in the new environment.
Which of the following commands should you run?

A. Get-MailboxDatabase | Set-MailboxDatabase –ProhibitSendReceiveQuota
B. Get-MailboxDatabase | Set-Mailbox –ProhibitSendReceiveQuota
C. Get-Mailbox | Set-Mailbox –ProhibitSendReceiveQuota
D. Get-MailboxDatabase | Get-Mailbox | Set-Mailbox –ProhibitSendReceiveQuota

Answer: A


You are evaluating whether the proposed Exchange solution will meet the current and future
capacity requirements.
You want to gather statistics about the current Exchange environment.
Which of the following tools would you use to determine the number of IOPS (Input/Output
Operations Per Second) required for the mailbox database storage?

A. ESEUtil.exe.
B. Microsoft Exchange Server Jetstress.
C. Microsoft Exchange Server Deployment Assistant.
D. Exchange Mailbox Server Role Requirements Calculator.
E. SQL Server Analysis Services.

Answer: D


You need to install and configure anti-spam and antimalware filtering.
Which servers should you install the anti-spam agents and enable the anti-spam and antimalware
filtering? (Choose two).

A. You should install the anti-spam agents on the Client Access Servers only.
B. You should install the anti-spam agents on the Mailbox serversonly.
C. You should install the anti-spam agents on the Client Access Servers and the Mailbox Servers.
D. You should enable antimalware filtering on the Client Access Serversonly.
E. You should enable antimalware filtering on the Mailbox serversonly.
F. You enable antimalware filtering on the Client Access Servers and the Mailbox Servers.

Answer: B,E




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70-247 Configuring and Deploying a Private Cloud with System Center 2012

You have a System Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) infrastructure that contains a
server named Server1. Server1 hosts the VMM library. You add a server named Server2 to the
network. You install the Windows Deployment Services (WDS) server role on Server2. You have the
Install.wim file from the Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1) installation media. You need
to install Hyper-v hosts by using the bare-metal installation method. What should you do first?

A. Add Install.wim to the VMM library.
B. Convert Install.wim to a .vhd file.
C. Convert Install.wim to a .vmc file.
D. Add Install.wim to the Install Images container.

Answer: B

You have a System Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) infrastructure that contains a
visualization host named Server2. Server2 runs Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1).
Server2 has the Hyper-V server role installed. You plan to deploy a service named Service1 to
Server2. Service1 has multiple load-balanced tiers. You need to recommend a technology that must
be implemented on Server2 before you deploy Service1. What should you recommend?

A. MAC address spoofing
B. the Network Policy and Access Services (NPAS) server role
C. TCP Offloading
D. the Multipath I/O (MPIO) feature

Answer: A

Your network contains a server named Server1 that has System Center 2012 Virtual Machine
Manager (VMM) installed. You have a host group named HG1. HG1 contains four virtualization
hosts named Server2, Server3, Server4, and Servers. You plan to provide users with the ability to
deploy virtual machines by using the Self-Service Portal. The corporate management policy states
that only the members of a group named Group1 can place virtual machines on Server2 and
Server3 and only the members of a group named Group2 can place virtual machines on Server4
and Server5. You need to recommend a cloud configuration to meet the requirements of the
management policy. What should you recommend?

A. Create two clouds named Cloud1 and Cloud2. Configure the custom properties of each cloud.
B. Create a host group named HG1\HG2. Create one cloud for HG1 and one cloud for HG2. Move
two servers to HG2.
C. Create two clouds named Cloud1 and Cloud2. Configure placement rules for HG1.
D. Create two host groups named HG1\Group1 and HG1\Group2. Create one cloud for each new
host group. Move two servers to each host group.

Answer: D

Your company has a private cloud that contains 200 virtual machines. The network contains a
server named Server1 that has the Microsoft Server Application Virtualization (Server App-V)
Sequencer installed. You plan to sequence, and then deploy a line-of-business web application
named App1. App1 has a Windows Installer package named Install.msi. App1 must be able to store
temporary files. You need to identify which task must be performed on Server1 before you deploy
App1. What task should you identify?

A. Modify the environment variables.
B. Add a script to the OSD file.
C. Compress Install.msi.
D. Install the Web Server (IIS) server role.

Answer: D

Your company has three datacenters located in New York, Los Angeles and Paris. You deploy a
System Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) infrastructure. The VMM infrastructure
contains 2,000 virtual machines deployed on 200 Hyper-V hosts. The network contains a server
named DPM1 that has System Center 2012 Data Protection Manager (DPM) installed.
You need to recommend a solution for the infrastructure to meet the following requirements:
* Automatically backup and restore virtual machines by using workflows.
* Automatically backup and restore system states by using workflows.
What should you include in the recommendation? (Each correct answer presents part of the
solution. Choose two.)

A. Deploy System Center 2012 Orchestrator.
B. Install the Integration Pack for System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM).
C. Install the Integration Pack for System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM).
D. Deploy System Center 2012 Operations Manager.
E. Deploy System Center 2012 Service Manager.

Answer: AB

You are the datacenter administrator for a company named CertKingdom, Ltd. The network contains a
server that has System Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) installed. You create four
private clouds. Developers at CertKingdom have two Windows Azure subscriptions. CertKingdom creates a
partnership with another company named A.Datum. The A.Datum network contains a System
Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) infrastructure that contains three clouds.
Developers at A.Datum have two Windows Azure subscriptions. You deploy System Center 2012
App Controller at A.Datum. You plan to manage the clouds and the Windows Azure subscriptions
for both companies from the App Controller portal. You need to identify the minimum number of
subscriptions and the minimum number connections required for the planned management. How
many connections and subscriptions should you identify?

A. Two connections and four subscriptions
B. Two connections and two subscriptions
C. Four connections and four subscriptions
D. Eight connections and four subscriptions
E. Four connections and two subscriptions

Answer: A

Your network contains an Active Directory forest named The forest contains a System
Center 2012 Operations Manager infrastructure. Your company, named CertKingdom, Ltd., has a partner
company named
A. Datum Corporation. The
A. Datum network contains an Active Directory forest
named does not have any trusts. A firewall exists between the
A. Datum
network and the CertKingdom network. You configure conditional forwarding on all of the DNS servers
to resolve names across the forests. You plan to configure Operations Manager to monitor client
computers in both of the forests. You need to recommend changes to the infrastructure to monitor
the client computers in both of the forests. What should you include in the recommendation? (Each
correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)

A. Allow TCP port 5723 on the firewall.
B. Deploy a gateway server to
C. Create a DNS zone replica of
D. Allow TCP port 5986 on the firewall.
E. Create a DNS zone replica of
F. Deploy a gateway server to

Answer: AB


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Microsoft will release its hackathon tool to the world

It was used to manage Microsoft’s internal Oneweek hackathon and is slated for release next year

Microsoft is planning to bring its internal tool for running hackathons to the public next year, starting by allowing a few select colleges to test drive it at their own events.

It’s part of a plan by the company’s Garage division to help other organizations get better at handling the administrative side of organizing marathon hack sessions like the three-day-long bonanza Microsoft held in July as part of its Oneweek employee team-building session. Known inside Microsoft as the “Hackathon interactive project site,” it was built to help 13,000 employees and interns work on 1,700 projects during the Oneweek hackathon.

A screenshot of the OneNote for Learning project’s page in Microsoft’s Hackathon interactive project site.
Computerworld’s Best Places to Work in IT 2015: Company Listings

Now, Microsoft wants to make it available more widely to provide other hackathon organizers with the same tools it uses. The interactive project site gives hackathon participants several useful tools: They can search for projects to join, search for other people to work with, and share code from the projects they’re working on. Once they’re done, it serves as a showcase for projects that people have completed so that other participants can see what their peers have been up to.

Hackathons — marathon sessions where groups of people work on projects that are usually technical in nature — have become popular ways for people to get together and try out interesting concepts. At Microsoft, the Garage runs a number of hackathons every year around different themes, including its massive Oneweek session.

Those hackathons are important tools for Microsoft’s internal development efforts. Project teams from the Oneweek hackathon will be meeting with engineering teams around the company who are interested in the technology they’re working on so they can talk about potentially integrating the projects into Microsoft’s products.

Team Deep Vision worked during the Oneweek hackathon to create a machine vision system that uses an Android phone and two Microsoft Bands to help blind people navigate.

Garage Senior Director Jeff Ramos said Microsoft also expects to get 275 patents out of the Oneweek hackathon projects, which included a system for helping blind people navigate and a system to improve hydroponic lettuce growing on the company’s campus.

Microsoft’s tool was created to make it easy for people to get together and work on a project. Users can search for fellow hackers based on the skills those people have outlined in a personal profile. The site allows searches by both technical skills and non-technical skills, so hackers can find C# programmers, database engineers, graphic designers, marketers and everyone in between.

In addition to connecting hackers with projects, the tool also provides easy access to resources that teams need when they’re preparing to work on a project. As you might expect, users can easily get to Microsoft development tools like its Visual Studio development software and Azure cloud services through the platform.

In the future, Ramos plans to include links to non-Microsoft technologies like GitHub, Python and other popular development languages and tools so the product isn’t just parochially tied to the company’s ecosystem.

“So the aim here is really just to make it brain-dead easy for someone to walk into a [hackathon], open their lid and start working on that hack project,” he said.

The idea for the tool came about when Ramos attended a hackathon at the University of Washington. He said that when attendees arrived on the morning of the hackathon’s first day, they attended a small fair to learn about the different projects they could work on, before having to listen for over an hour to someone describe how they could get set up with different tools. It echoed experiences he had heard about from other hackathon attendees who also had to spend time on administrative tasks before getting to work on their projects.

“It was like man, these guys are going to have to spend half a day just to get ready to start hacking,” he said. “Wouldn’t it be great if they could just come in and start writing code, and not have to worry about any of that stuff?”
Oneweek hackathon team meets around a table

A Oneweek hackathon team focused on building an adaptive learning platform sits together on a group of large bean bags.

The tool was designed to be used inside Microsoft, but Ramos said people inside the company loved it so much they wanted to share it with others. Marketers and salespeople who participated in hackathons wanted to let people outside Microsoft have access to it.

“I think it happened by enough people consistently telling us, ‘This is great, can I share it with my customer?'” he said.

Ramos wants to test the external version of Microsoft’s hackathon tool with two or three hand-picked colleges next year. Those schools can give Microsoft feedback about what worked and what they would like to see changed as Microsoft heads towards a final release, which is also slated for 2016.

Of course, getting this tool in front of college students also provides advantages for Microsoft. The Garage is actually a part of the company’s developer tools group, and Ramos sees the tool as a way to get Microsoft products in front of people early in their careers who might not have had much exposure to things like Visual Studio.

“It’s fascinating to me that when you talk to early-stage career people about Microsoft tools, there’s an information gap,” Ramos said.

In his experience, student developers are most familiar with free tools like GitHub. However, Microsoft has found that students tend to react favorably toward the company’s tools once they get access to them. The company is already trying to create those encounters: It has a “Community” edition of Visual Studio 2015 that provides free access to a basic version of the company’s development tools.

There’s still plenty of ground to cover if the Garage is going to ship this tool to the public. Piloting it with colleges will be a key step towards it release, but Ramos said there’s still work to be done before schools can get their hands on it, including handling issues related to privacy and drawing up license agreements.


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Microsoft fires back at Google with Bing contextual search on Android

“Snapshots on Tap” echoes a feature coming with the next version of Android

Microsoft has pre-empted a new feature Google plans to include in the next version of Android with an update released Thursday for the Bing Search app that lets users get information about what they’re looking at by pressing and holding their device’s home button.

Called Bing Snapshots, the feature is incredibly similar to the Now on Tap functionality Google announced for Android Marshmallow at its I/O developer conference earlier this year. Bing will look over a user’s screen when they call up a Snapshot and then provide them with relevant information along with links they can use to take action like finding hotels at a travel destination.

For example, someone watching a movie trailer can press and hold on their device’s home button and pull up a Bing Snapshot that will give them easy access to reviews of the film in question, along with a link that lets them buy tickets through Fandango.

Google Now On Tap, which is slated for release with Android Marshmallow later this year, will offer similar features with a user interface that would appear to take up less screen real estate right off the bat, at least in the early incarnations Google showed off at I/O.

The new functionality highlights one of the major differences between Android and iOS: Microsoft can replace system functionality originally controlled by Google Now and use that to push its own search engine and virtual assistant. Microsoft is currently beta testing a version of its virtual assistant Cortana on Android for release later this year as well.

A Cortana app is also in the cards for iOS, but Apple almost certainly won’t allow a virtual assistant to take over capabilities from Cortana, especially since Google Now remains quarantined inside the Google app on that mobile platform.

All of this comes as those three companies remained locked in a tight battle to out-innovate one another in the virtual assistant market as a means of controlling how users pull up information across their computers and mobile devices. For Microsoft and Google, there’s an additional incentive behind the improvements: driving users to their respective assistants has the potential to boost use of the connected search engines.

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So long (Vista), it’s been good to know yah

Windows 8’s predecessor in Microsoft’s every-other-OS-flops series now has a user share of just 2%

Windows Vista, the perception-plagued operating system Microsoft debuted to the general public in early 2007, has sunk to near insignificance, powering just two out of every 100 Windows personal computers, new data shows.

According to analytics provider Net Applications, Windows Vista’s user share, an estimate based on counting unique visitors to tens of thousands of websites, stood at 2% at the end of July.

Vista has been in decline since October 2009, when it peaked at 20% of all in-use Windows editions. Not coincidentally, that month also saw the launch of Vista’s replacement — and Microsoft’s savior — Windows 7. Within a year, Vista’s user share had slumped to less than 15%, and in less than two years fell below 10%.

Since then, however, Vista users have dragged their feet: The OS took another four years to leak another eight percentage points of user share. Projections based on the current average monthly decline over the past year signal that Vista won’t drop under the 1% mark until April 2016.

Vista’s problems have been well chronicled. It was two-and-a-half years late, for one. Then there were the device driver issues and ballyhoo over User Account Control (UAC). It was even the focus of an unsuccessful class-action lawsuit that alleged Microsoft duped consumers into buying “Vista Capable”-labeled PCs, a case that revealed embarrassing admissions by senior executives who had trouble figuring it out.

Even former CEO Steve Ballmer admitted it was a blunder. In a pseudo-exit interview in 2013 with long-time Microsoft watcher Mary Jo Foley of ZDNet, Ballmer cited Vista as “the thing I regret most,” tacitly setting most of Microsoft’s then-problems on the OS’s doorstep, from its failure in mobile to the slump in PC shipments.

Those still running Vista — using Microsoft’s claim that 1.5 billion devices run Windows, Vista’s share comes to around 30 million — have been left out in the cold by Microsoft and its Windows 10 upgrade: Vista PCs are not eligible for the free deal.

It’s actually good, at least for Microsoft, that Vista is on so few systems. The company will ship the last security updates for the aged OS on April 17, 2017, 20 months from now.

And there is a silver lining for Vista owners: At least their OS is more popular than Linux.

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Microsoft to release cross-platform Visual Studio 2015 by July 20

With this announcement, it looks like Microsoft plans to release Windows 10, dev tools, and .NET framework all within two weeks.

Microsoft has announced that Visual Studio 2015 will be released for download on July 20, along with the Team Foundation Server 2015 and .NET Framework 4.6. The company will also host a Q&A session online on the day of the release with the engineering team, as well as 60 deep-dive sessions to help users understand the new features of the platform.

S. Somasegar, corporate vice president of the Developer Division at Microsoft, made the announcement on his blog.

Visual Studio has become the de facto standard for Windows development, but with this release, Microsoft is going way beyond Windows. It will support cross-platform mobile development targeting iOS, Android, and Windows, as well as game development by targeting game platforms like Unity, Unreal, Cocos and more.

For its traditional use, Visual Studio 2015 adds proactive diagnostics tooling and the new Roslyn language services for C# and VB. Together, Visual Studio 2015, Team Foundation Server 2015, and Visual Studio Online help teams embrace DevOps with Agile backlog management, Azure cloud tooling, hosted continuous integration, and Application Insights across all the components of an application.

In March, the company announced two subscription flavors: Professional and Enterprise. The standalone, non-subscription version of Visual Studio Professional is available for $499, while the Pro version with an MSDN subscription is $799. The Enterprise edition with MSDN is $1,199. Microsoft will also offer a free Community edition of Visual Studio for open source projects, academic projects and education, and for small teams.

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The Big Question Rises How To Become Microsoft, Cisco, ComTIA Certified

The big question rises how to become the Microsoft certified , All Microsoft certifications are acquired by simply taking a series of exams. If you can self-study for said exams, and then pass them, then you can acquire the certification for the mere cost of the exam (and maybe whatever self-study materials you purchase).

You’ll also need, at minimum (in addition to the MCTS), the CompTIA A+, Network+ and Security+ certs; as well as the Cisco CCNA cert.

Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) – This is the basic entry point of Microsoft Certifications. You only need to pass a single certification test to be considered an MCTS and there are numerous different courses and certifications that would grant you this after passing one. If you are shooting for some of the higher certifications that will be discussed below, then you’ll get this on your way there.

Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD) – This certification was Microsoft’s previous “Developer Certification” meaning that this was the highest certification that was offered that consisted strictly of development-related material. Receiving it involved passing four exams within specific areas (based on the focus of your certification). You can find the complete list of courses and paths required for the MCPD here.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD) – This is Microsoft’s most recent “Developer Certification” which will replace the MCPD Certification (which is being deprecated / retired in July of 2013). The MCSD focuses within three major areas of very recent Microsoft development technologies and would likely be the best to persue if you wanted to focus on current and emerging skills that will be relevant in the coming years. You can find the complete list of courses and paths required for the MCSD here.

The Microsoft Certifications that you listed are basically all of the major ones within the realm of development. I’ll cover each of the major ones and what they are :

Most people, however, take some kind of course. Some colleges — especially career and some community colleges — offer such courses (though usually they’re non-credit). Other providers of such courses are private… some of them Microsoft Certified vendors of one type or another, who offer the courses in such settings as sitting around a conference table in their offices. Still others specialize in Microsoft certification training, and so have nice classrooms set up in their offices.

There are also some online (and other forms of distance learning) courses to help prepare for the exams.

The cost of taking classes to prepare can vary wildly. Some are actually free (or very nearly so), while others can cost hundreds of dollars. It all just depends on the provider.

And here’s a Google search of MCTS training resources (which can be mind-numbing in their sheer numbers and types, so be careful what you choose):

There are some pretty good, yet relatively inexpensive, ways to get vendor certificate training. Be careful not to sign-up for something expensive and involved when something cheaper — like subscribing to an “all the certificates you care to study for one flat rate” web site — would, in addition to purchasing a study guide or two at a bookstore, likely be better.

If you want a career in IT, then you need to have both an accredited degree in same (preferably a bachelors over an associates), and also a variety of IT certifications. The MCTS is but one that you will need.

You should probably also get the Microsoft MCSE and/or MCSA. The ICS CISSP. And the ITIL.

There are others, but if you have those, you’ll be evidencing a broad range of IT expertise that will be useful, generally. Then, in addition, if the particular IT job in which you end-up requires additional specialist certification, then you can get that, too (hopefully at the expense of your employer who requires it of you).

Then, whenever (if ever) you’re interested in a masters in IT, here’s something really cool of which you should be aware…

There’s a big (and fully-accredited, fully-legitimate) university in Australia which has partnered with Microsoft and several other vendors to structure distance learning degrees which include various certifications; and in which degrees, considerable amounts of credit may be earned simply by acquiring said certifications. It’s WAY cool.

One can, for example, get up to half of the credit toward a Masters degree in information technology by simply getting an MCSE (though the exams which make it up must be certain ones which correspond with the university’s courses). I’ve always said that if one were going to get an MCSE, first consult the web site of this university and make sure that one takes the specific MCSE exams that this school requires so that if ever one later decided to enter said school’s masters program, one will have already earned up to half its degree’s credits by simply having the MCSE under his/her belt. Is that cool, or what?

I wouldn’t rely on them over experience (which is far and away the most valuable asset out there) but they are worth pursuing especially if you don’t feel like you have enough experience and need to demonstrate that you have the necessary skills to land a position as a developer.

If you are going to pursue a certification, I would recommend going after the MCSD (Web Applications Track) as it is a very recent certification that focuses on several emerging technologies that will still be very relevant (if not more-so) in the coming years. You’ll pick up the MCTS along the way and then you’ll have both of those under your belt. MCPD would be very difficult to achieve based on the short time constraints (passing four quite difficult tests within just a few months is feasible, but I don’t believe that it is worth it since it will be “retired” soon after).

No job experience at all is necessary for any of the Microsoft Certifications, you can take them at any time as long as you feel confident enough with the materials of the specific exam you should be fine. The tests are quite difficult by most standards and typically cover large amounts of material, but with what it sounds like a good bit of time to study and prepare you should be fine.

Certifications, in addition to degrees, are so important in the IT field, now, that one may almost no longer get a job in that field without both. The certifications, though, are so important that one who has a little IT experience can get a pretty good job even without a degree as long as he has all the right certs. But don’t do that. Definitely get the degree… and not merely an associates. Get the bachelors in IT; and make sure it’s from a “regionally” accredited school.

Then get the certs I mentioned (being mindful, if you think you’ll ever get an IT masters, to take the specific exams that that Strut masters program requires so that you’ll have already earned up to half the credit just from the certs).

If you already have two years of experience in working in the .NET environment, a certification isn’t going to guarantee that you will get employed, a salary increase or any other bonuses for achieving the honor. However, it can help supplement your resume by indicating that you are familiar with specific technologies enough to apply them in real-world applications to solve problems.

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74-338 Lync 2013 Depth Support Engineer

You work for a company named Your role of Lync Administrator includes the
management of the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 infrastructure.
Two Windows Server 2012 servers named ABC-DB01 and ABC-DB02 run SQL Server 2012.
ABC-DB01 and ABC-DB02 host a mirrored database for the Lync Server Central Management
Store (CMS). ABC-DB01 currently has the principle database and ABC-DB02 currently has the
mirror database. The mirrored database does not use a witness instance.
You need to manually failover the mirrored database to enable you to perform maintenance on
Which of the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets should you run?

A. Invoke-CsPooIFailover
B. Invoke-CsManagementStoreReplication
C. Invoke-CsBackupServiceSync
D. Invoke-CSManagementServerFailover

Answer: D


You work for a company named The company has a Microsoft Lync Server 2013
infrastructure that includes two Lync Server pools. Your role of Lync Administrator includes the
management of the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 infrastructure.
An Edge server named ABC-Edge1 is configured to use a pool named
as its next hop. You plan to failover to a second pool named Before
failing over the pool, you need to reconfigure the next hop for ABC-Edge1 to be ABCLyncPool2.
Which of the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets should you run?

A. Set-CsEdgeServer
B. Set- CsAVEdgeConfiguration
C. New-CsEdgeAllowList
D. Set-CsAccessEdgeConfiguration
E. Move-CsApplicationEndpoint

Answer: A


You work for a company named The company has two Active Directory sites in a
single Active Directory Domain Services domain named Your role of Lync
Administrator includes the management of the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 infrastructure.
The Lync infrastructure consists of a single pool named
You have been asked to design a disaster recovery (DR) plan in the event of a failure of ABCLyncPool1. Part of the DR plan would be to configure a backup pool.
Which three of the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets would you need to run to recover the
CMS (Central Management Store) and the Lync user accounts? (Choose three)

A. Set-CsManagementServer
B. Install-CsDatabase
C. Set-CsLocationPolicy
D. Move-CsManagementServer
E. Invoke-CSManagementServerFailover
F. Invoke-CsPoolFailover

Answer: B,D,F


You work for a company named The company has a single Active Directory Domain
Services domain named The company has a datacenter located in New York.
The New York datacenter hosts two Microsoft Lync Server 2013 pools named ABCLyncPool1. and hosts the CMS
(Central Management Store). All of the company’s 70,000 users are enabled for Lync. Your role
of Lync Administrator includes the management of the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 infrastructure.
The servers in suffer irreparable hardware failure. You need to recover
the Lync environment by failing over All users will be hosted
permanently on
Which of the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets should you run? (Choose all that apply)

A. Invoke-CSManagementServerFailover
B. Invoke-CsPoolFailover
C. Invoke-CsManagementStoreReplication
D. Invoke-CsPoolFailover
E. Move-CsManagementServer
F. Install-CsDatabase

Answer: D,E,F


You work for a company named Your role of Lync Administrator includes the
management of the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 infrastructure.
You receive reports from users that they are sometimes unable to make outbound calls. You
discover that the failures are caused by there being no available trunks.
To help troubleshoot the issue, you plan to run performance monitor counters to monitor the total
number of calls and the total number of inbound calls to determine trunk usage.
Against which server should you run the performance monitor counters?

A. Edge Server
B. Front End Server
C. Database Server
D. Mediation Server

Answer: D


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