Posts tagged mcse 2003
Microsoft has released a very large set of updates to Windows, IE, Office. the .NET Framework and Microsoft server software.
16 updates address a total of 49 vulnerabilities, but only 5 of the vulnerabilities are rated Critical on any specific platform. Several of the vulnerabilities have already been publicly disclosed.
The four updates addressing a Critical vulnerability are as follows.
•MS10-071: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer —10 vulnerabilities affecting all shipping versions of Internet Explorer are fixed in this update. The public beta of Internet Explorer 9 is not mentioned. Only two of the vulnerabilities are rated Critical on any configuration and one of those only on IE6 on Windows XP. The other Critical affects most versions of Windows critically and Microsoft’s exploitability index rates it as likely to result in consistent exploit code. The other 8 vulnerabilities tend to have important mitigating factors. Two of them have already been disclosed publicly, but Microsoft rates those as unlikely to result in functioning exploit code.
• MS10-075: Vulnerability in Media Player Network Sharing Service Could Allow Remote Code Execution —The Microsoft Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service in Windows Vista and Windows 7 is vulnerable to a critical vulnerability which could be triggered across the network through a malicious packet. Interestingly, it is rated Critical on Windows 7 and only Important on Vista. The Media Player Network Sharing Service is not enabled by default in either version and—by default—access to home media devices is limited to the local subnet, so it shouldn’t be remotely exploitable from the Internet.
•MS10-076: Vulnerability in the Embedded OpenType Font Engine Could Allow Remote Code Execution —The Embedded OpenType Font Engine on all versions of Windows (other than Server Core) is vulnerable to a remote code execution bug using a maliciously-crafted font. Microsoft says that ASLR makes the exploit much more difficult, if still possible.
•MS10-077: Vulnerability in .NET Framework Could Allow Remote Code Execution—On 64-bit systems the .NET Framework is vulnerable to a remote code execution vulnerability. It can allow a specially crafted .NET application to access memory in an unsafe manner.
The 10 updates with a maximum rating of Important are as follows:
•MS10-072: Vulnerabilities in SafeHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure—Windows SharePoint Services, Microsoft SharePoint Foundation, Microsoft SharePoint Server Microsoft Groove Server, and Microsoft Office Web Apps are vulnerable to two HTML sanitization vulnerabilities. These could result in information disclosure or cross-site scripting, but Microsoft says that functioning exploit code is unlikely.
•MS10-073: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege—All versions of Windows are affected by at least 2 of 3 vulnerabilities, all of which have been publicly exposed already and one of which is being exploited in the wild. All 3 require that the attacker have valid logon credentials and be able to log on locally, making this a difficult problem to exploit.
•MS10-078: Vulnerabilities in the OpenType Font (OTF) Format Driver Could Allow Elevation of Privilege—Two vulnerabilities in Windows XP and Server 2003 could allow code execution in kernel mode, but the attacker must have valid logon credentials and be able to log on locally.
•MS10-079: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Word Could Allow Remote Code Execution—11 vulnerabilities affect Microsoft Word. Only Word 2002 is affected by all and only one – CVE-2010-3214 – affects more than a couple versions. But this one is a doozy. A stack overflow when handling a malicious Word document could lead to remote code execution.
•MS10-080: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Excel Could Allow Remote Code Execution—Not to be outdone by Word, Excel gets 13 vulnerabilities disclosed in this update, affecting many versions including the Mac versions and viewers, but not Excel 2010.
•MS10-081: Vulnerability in Windows Common Control Library Could Allow Remote Code Execution—Almost all versions of Windows are affected by a heap overflow in the Common Control Library. The attack is committed through a 3rd party SVG (scalable vector graphics) viewer which must be installed on the system.
•MS10-082: Vulnerability in Windows Media Player Could Allow Remote Code Execution—A specially-crafted web page could trigger a vulnerability in all versions of Windows Media Player.
•MS10-083: Vulnerability in COM Validation in Windows Shell and WordPad Could Allow Remote Code Execution —An error in how the Windows Shell and Wordpad validate COM object instantiation could lead to remote code execution.
•MS10-084: Vulnerability in Windows Local Procedure Call Could Cause Elevation of Privilege—Windows XP and Server 2003 are vulnerable to an elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Remote Procedure Call Subsystem (RPCSS).
•MS10-085: Vulnerability in SChannel Could Allow Denial of Service —Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 are vulnerable to a denial of service vulnerability in the processing of IIS client certificates.
Two vulnerabilities have a maximum rating of Moderate:
•MS10-074: Vulnerability in Microsoft Foundation Classes Could Allow Remote Code Execution—MFC has an error in the processing of Window titles.
•MS10-086: Vulnerability in Windows Shared Cluster Disks Could Allow Tampering—The Failover Cluster Manager user interface in Windows Server 2008 R2 has a tampering vulnerability in the handling of permissions on shared cluster disks.
Technology will play a minor role towards restoring sanity tomorrow afternoon at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear event hosted by Comedy Central comedians Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert.
Stewart has invited Donors Choose, an online charity where people can choose classrooms to which they donate, to occupy one of two tents at the National Mall, where the rally will take place. The charity has paired up with Microsoft Bing’s Redu initiative to set up computers for people to donate on the spot.
Launched in September, Redu aims to mobilize Americans to improve the national education system, which Microsoft identified as a major focus of its corporate citizenship work this year.
“This is our little mini-Rally to Restore some sanity to our educational system. It’s a small step, but we all know that progress is made inches at a time. So come see us Saturday from 12-3pm on the National Mall in Washington D.C. ” wrote Bing director Stefan Weitz in a blog post.
Can’t make it down to DC this weekend? Catch a live broadcast via Comedy Central on your iPhone, iPad or Android 2.2 device.
The Microsoft Kin, Microsoft’s widely panned line of semi-smartphones for text-happy teenagers, is dead – or at least it doesn’t have a future as a standalone product.
Microsoft on Wednesday released a statement suggesting that it’s cutting bait on the Windows Phone 7 spinoff and folding the project’s staff and technologies into the main body of Windows Phone 7.
Here’s the official word from Microsoft:
“We have made the decision to focus on our Windows Phone 7 launch and we will not ship Kin in Europe this fall as planned. Additionally, we are integrating our Kin team with the Windows Phone 7 team, incorporating valuable ideas and technologies from Kin into future Windows Phone releases. We will continue to work with Verizon in the U.S. to sell current Kin phones.”
For now, it seems like Verizon Wireless will continue to sell Kin phones. But with the Kin team essentially disbanded, it’s hard to see future updates and support for the line being a priority within Microsoft.
“Kin is still an important part of our portfolio,” Verizon Wireless spokeswoman Brenda Raney said.
Kin may not have been been selling well on Verizon Wireless. Spurious rumors about sales numbers aside, Verizon recently cut the price of both Kin models.
Microsoft’s change of direction may be related to recent changes in its executive team. In May, Robbie Bach and J Allard, two top executives in Microsoft’s mobile and devices team, left the company. Andy Lees took over management of Microsoft’s device strategy, reporting directly to CEO Steve Ballmer.
When we first reviewed the Kin One and Kin Two, I was concerned that they couldn’t find a place in the market. Acting like feature phones but priced like full smartphones, they offer high monthly fees, no apps, and mediocre social-networking integration.
Microsoft told me at launch that it considered the Kin would be a way to address a younger, more social target market than the “life maximizers” who would be picking up Windows Phone 7 devices. Kin phones could be lower spec, and less expensive than Windows Phone 7 units.
Folding the Kin team into the Windows Phone 7 unit may broaden the appeal of Windows Phone 7. Some Kin features, such as Studio – a Web interface that automatically backed up your phone’s content and showed it along a timeline – could enhance the Windows Phone 7 experience.
We’ll have to see later this year, when Windows Phone 7 finally comes to market.
Everything you always wanted to know about Extended Hotfix Support for Daylight Saving Time enrollment but were afraid to ask!
The Microsoft Support Lifecycle team gets lots of questions about Extended Hotfix Support for Daylight Saving Time (EHS for DST). Although this offering was initiated in 2007, there still seems to be some confusion around its purpose and how to obtain it.
In an earlier post we talked about Extended Hotfix Support and its purpose: a program that provides customers with the ability to request non-security hotfixes for products in the Extended Support phase of the lifecycle. EHS for DST is slightly different, but related.
What is the history behind Extended Hotfix Support for Daylight Saving Time? Daylight Saving time (DST), and “Summer Time” in much of Europe, is the practice of moving local time forward one hour in the spring and backwards in the autumn. These spring and fall shifts to DST are different between northern and southern hemispheres. The start of DST in the northern hemisphere is in March or April (depending on the country/continent), and ending in October or November. In the southern hemisphere, the changes are the opposite, with DST beginning in October and ending in March or April. Generally, DST is not observed in Asia and Africa, and parts of Central and South America. Unless certain updates are applied to your computer, the time zone settings for your computer’s system clock may be incorrect during this four-week period. In particular, you must make sure that both your Windows operating system and your calendar programs are updated.
Daylight Saving Time hotfixes can be applied to your computer to correct the time zone settings that get “out of synch” because of the DST time changes; and are available for products in the Mainstream phase of the lifecycle free of charge. To obtain DST hotfixes for products in the Extended Support phase, customers must purchase Extended Hotfix Support for Daylight Saving Time. EHS for DST entitles them to receive daylight saving time hotfixes for all affected products in the Extended Support phase. The cost is $4,000 USD and the program is open to all Microsoft customers. A list of affected products is available here.
When will my Extended Hotfix Support for DST contract expire?
All EHS DST support contracts expire on the 31st of December of the calendar year, so any contract signed during 2008 will expire on December 31, 2008.
After I enroll, how do I get the hotfixes?
Once you enroll you will receive access to the Microsoft Connect web site where you can download the appropriate updates.
My company purchased a Extended Hotfix Support for DST contract in October 2007. I thought the contract was good for 12 months. Do I have to purchase another contract to receive 2008 DST updates?
Your contract ended on December 31, 2007. EHS for DST contracts signed on or after January 1, 2008 will end on the 31st of December of the calendar year in which the contract commences; so you must purchase another contract for 2008.
Additional information can be found here:
* Daylight Savings Time Help and Support Center
* Obtaining Daylight Savings Time Updates for Microsoft Products
* Microsoft Daylight Savings Time and Timezone FAQs Blog
Let us know if the explanation above helped you better understand Daylight Saving Time Extended Hotfix Support!
*This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights.*
Before we spend some time talking about the Extended Hotfix Support program for DST, I thought it would be a good idea to address a number of questions we have recently received regarding the release of MS08-067. Most of the questions that we have received have been regarding older, unsupported products and services packs. We’ve received questions regarding Windows 95, Windows NT 3.51, Windows NT 4.0, Windows XP SP1 and Windows 2000 SP3, just to name a few.
Under the Support Lifecycle policy, once a product reaches the end of support we no longer provide any support for that product. What does that mean? Basically, this means we stop providing any new information or assisted support for the product. After the end of support, we leave the knowledgebase information online for a minimum of 12 months. We do not provide security updates, any assisted support (telephone support), nor assistance through Premier or Professional support, etc…
From a security point of view, running an unsupported version should be considered a significant security risk in itself. Since Microsoft does not produce security updates or provide any type of assisted support for unsupported versions, customers are taking a significant risk by running these versions within their environment. If you encounter any types of issues with an unsupported product, there are no Microsoft resources available to help.
Remember, to continue to receive support and security updates, you must be running on a supported product and on a supported service pack version. More information on this can also be found on our website at http://support.microsoft.com/lifecycle/.
Thanks for your continued questions and comments. We’ll get back to the DST discussion within the next week or so.
*This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights.*
So let’s say you’ve decided to take your business seriously and spend the money needed for a quality server. You may be using a file server to share files and printers or you may use it to run Microsoft Exchange for shared calendars or for email, host a database for your company or a CRM – Customer Relationship Management application. Perhaps you have two or three servers running a combination of these and each has its own backup system and each should.
What is likely to happen over time?
Storage inefficiency – You may find that one server, perhaps your file server, is constantly running out of storage space, while another server always seems to have too much storage space to spare, but no easy way to share it. This is a very inefficient scenario and the biggest reason why DAS solution is ultimately inefficient for growing small businesses.
Management headaches – Most DAS solutions have their own proprietary management software and interfaces and are not easy to manage remotely. You may find yourself with multiple different DAS solutions, each with its own management quirks and annoyances.
Consolidate Your Data
As with PCs, the answer to server overload is to consolidate your storage, unchain it from the server, and place it on the network where it can be shared among multiple servers and PCs. Why?
It’s efficient – You get a shared pool of networked storage that you can slice, dice, and allocate to users, applications, and servers at will. No more overloaded servers sitting next to servers with storage to spare.
It’s easy to upgrade -You no longer have to shut down your server and its applications to upgrade your storage. You can add storage to the network and make it instantly available without affecting your applications.
When it’s time to upgrade your servers, it’s no longer necessary to throw out the storage with the server or spend the time to migrate data to another server. You simply connect the new server to the network and configure it for access to your network storage. Now this isn’t always the case depending on what your server is hosting but more often than not this is a good solution to many small and medium sized businesses.
It’s cost effective – Storage makes up a significant portion of your server’s price and internal space. Separate storage on the network and you can spend fewer dollars on servers or buy more server performance and reliability for your dollar. You can also pack more servers into a smaller space, if that’s what you need to do, taking advantage of compact rack mount servers or even blade servers but don’t forget to keep your server closet or room COOL with Air Conditioning.
You have two choices for network storage: a SAN and a NAS.
Storage Area Networks (SANs) separate storage from your servers and put it on its own specialized high-performance storage network where it can be pooled and allocated to servers and applications. When a server runs out of storage, you simply allocate more storage from the SAN, rather than taking down the server to add physical storage.
Nothing beats the simplicity of NAS for fulfilling the needs of a typical small business. A NAS device sits directly on the network and, like a server, serves up files, not storage blocks. There are many advantages to NAS as a small business storage solution.
Independence – NAS devices can sit anywhere on the network, completely independent of servers, serving up files to any network connected PC’s or servers. If a server or PC goes down, the NAS is still functional. If power goes down, there’s no need for complex reconfiguration. With its simplicity, a NAS can be up and running again in minutes.
Ease of Use – NAS devices typically come as preconfigured turnkey solutions. There’s no need to install a host adapter or complex server operating system. You simply plug the NAS into the network and do some very light configuration, usually with a Web browser, and your NAS is up and running and accessible to your PCs.
Easy Upgrades – T o get more storage with NAS you simply plug in another NAS device and you’re up and running with additional file storage in minutes.
Flexibility – Today some NAS solutions also come with some built-in iSCSI capability, which can provide fast block-based storage to performance-hungry server applications that need it, while still allowing you to share and print files. In some cases you don’t even need a switch or special host adapter. You simply plug your server directly into the iSCSI port on the NAS. So you get the best of both worlds in a single easy to use and configure device.
What is a Microsoft Small Business Server?
What is the difference between a Small Business Server and a single role server?
Here is a simple non technical explanation of what a Microsoft Small Business Server is and is not.
After reading this article you will have a better understanding so lets get started.
Larger companies such as fortune 500 or fortune 100 companies have many servers that do different things.
* Multiple Domain controllers / file servers
* Multiple SQL / database servers
* Multiple Exchange servers
* Multiple web servers
* Multiple DHCP servers
* and so forth…
Let’s pretend that “some big company” has 40 servers and each server has its own role to do something specific for the computer network. In theory this would mean that this company has 40 separate physical servers setup in a room to control the computers for this company. In today’s world this would be consolidated using server virtualization but that is getting off topic so I’m not going to get into that in this article.
Now let’s pretend you are a small business owner and you need a file server + a SQL database server + an exchange server. Ok so this means you would need 3 physical servers + 3 different server operating system licenses and many of other things and this can get expensive quickly not to mention an experienced network administrator to design, configure, deploy, test and manage this for you.
Now with a Microsoft Small Business Server Operating System you get 1 physical server that has multiple server roles built into 1 nice neat package. So you can have that file server and that database server and an exchange server and that web server all combined into 1 neat little package. This can save the small business owner money IF the server is properly configured and maintained.
Microsoft states the SBS – small business server will support up to 75 computer users / workstation computers. In theory this will work but in the real world if you have 75 computers connected to a SBS server you can expect very poor performance.
From my experience I will say that Microsoft SBS servers are pretty cool IF they are properly configured with the right hardware and software. I have seen many small businesses have an SBS server that were NEVER configured correctly or are just being used as a simple file server. In such a case the SBS server isn’t necessary and is a waste of money for the business owner.
So without getting into technical details this concludes what a Microsoft Small Business Server does.
If you are thinking about purchasing a new server for your business get to know an Orlando computer consultant and find out if a Microsoft Small Business Server will benefit your organization.
Phone services used to be fairly cut and dry, especially considering that there was only one type. These days however you have a number of different types. In addition to land lines you have cellular phones and now a Voice Over Internet Phone service. It is clear that the land line is losing it’s usefulness, but you might be wondering what qualities a Voice Over Internet Phone service has over the landline or even the cellular phone. There are a few things to take into account depending on whether or not you are running a business or simply talking from home.
The first thing you need to understand is that Voice Over Internet Phone service is just that: an Internet Phone. It is an internet phone service that works over the internet rather than through a standard phone line, and with that being the case there are a few things you will need to understand before you commit to purchasing a Voice Over Internet Phone Service.
One of the biggest problems with some of the Voice Over Internet phone service is that the phones that are used work with the Internet connection you’re using. If you use the Internet regularly, you may discover that you’re connection is slow or cannot be maintained. This problem is completely fixable.
If you’d like to use a Voice Over Internet Phone service, but want to avoid these issues you should try to get a separate Internet phone connection. There are numerous companies that provide this kind of service. These companies provide standalone phones that take full advantage of Voice Over Internet Phone service technology that is especially useful for businesses.
However, if you’re not running a business there are other ways that you might be able to benefit from a Voice Over Internet Phone Service. For example, there are several service providers that allow a separate line for Internet phone service. There are even services that provide phone jacks for your computer. While there may seem to be some limitations, you still need to consider the long distance charges.
With a Voice Over Internet phone service you won’t be charged for long distance calls that are made within the country. Of course, you’ll be charged for international calls, but you can see that Voice Over Internet phone service is the way to go if you’re looking for efficient communications. Many consumers are not aware that Voice Over Internet phone service is more secure than a regular landline. Since you are using the Internet, you can set up a firewall to keep intruders from listening to your conversations. This is something you won’t find in the world of landlines.
It should be obvious by now that you should look into the many benefits of Voice Over Internet phone service, especially if you want to enter the future world of telecommunications. Soon you will be able to see the many benefits of this service for your business.
Because you’re looking at information about MCTS training programs, you’ll probably be in one of these categories: You might be wondering about a complete career change to the IT sector, and your research tells you there’s a massive need for people with the right qualifications. Alternatively you could already be in IT – and you need to formalise your skill-set with the MCTS accreditation.
As you find out about , ensure that you don’t use those that compromise their offerings by failing to provide the latest version from Microsoft. This is a false economy for the trainee as they will have been learning from an out-of-date syllabus which isn’t in line with the present exams, so they’ll probably fail.
Watch out for computer training companies that are just trying to sell you something. You should know that purchasing a course to qualify for an MCTS is like buying a car. They vary hugely; some will be fantastic, whilst others will probably break down on route. A conscientious organisation will give you a thorough consultation to ensure you’re on the right course. With those who have confidence in their programs, you will be able to look at examples of training materials prior to the sale.
One crafty way that training companies make extra profits is by charging for exams up-front and presenting it as a guarantee for your exams. It looks impressive, but is it really:
Of course it isn’t free – you’re still paying for it – the cost has just been rolled into the whole training package.
If you want to pass in one, you must pay for each exam as you go, prioritise it appropriately and give the task sufficient application.
Why should you pay the training course provider up-front for examination fees? Find the best deal you can at the appropriate time, instead of paying any mark-up – and do it locally – rather than possibly hours away from your area.
Big margins are netted by some training companies who get money upfront for exam fees. For various reasons, many students don’t take their exams but no refunds are given. Believe it or not, there are providers who depend on students not taking their exams – as that’s how they make a lot of their profit.
Pay heed to the fact that, in the majority of cases of ‘exam guarantees’ – you are not in control of when you can do your re-takes. Subsequent exam attempts are only authorised at the company’s say so.
Paying maybe a thousand pounds extra on ‘Exam Guarantees’ is foolish – when hard work, commitment and the right preparation via exam simulations is what will get you through.
If your advisor doesn’t ask you a lot of questions – it’s likely they’re really a salesperson. If they push a particular product before getting to know your background and current experience level, then it’s very likely to be the case.
Of course, if you have some relevant qualifications that are related, then you may be able to begin at a different level to a trainee with no history to speak of.
Working through a user skills course first may be the ideal way to commence your IT program, depending on your current skill level.
Many companies only concern themselves with gaining a certificate, and forget why you’re doing this – which is a commercial career or job. You should always begin with the end goal – don’t make the vehicle more important than the destination.
Don’t let yourself become one of the unfortunate masses who select a program that on the surface appears interesting – and end up with a plaque on the wall for a job they hate.
Stay focused on what you want to achieve, and formulate your training based on that – don’t do it back-to-front. Stay focused on the end-goal and begin studying for a career that’ll reward you for many long and fruitful years.
It’s worth seeking guidance from a professional that understands the industry you’ve chosen, and is able to give you ‘A typical day in the life of’ outline of what you actually do on the job. These things are very important because you need to know whether or not you’ve chosen correctly.
Your training program should always include the latest Microsoft (or relevant organisation’s) accredited exam simulation and preparation packages.
Because the majority of IT examination boards are from the USA, it’s essential to understand how exam questions will be phrased and formatted. It isn’t good enough just understanding random questions – they must be in an exam format that exactly replicates the real thing.
Simulations and practice exams are enormously valuable for confidence building – so when it comes to taking the proper exam, you will be much more relaxed.
It’s a computer world today. Whether it’s for professional or personal purposes, computers have become an important part of our lives. However, excellence in computer science and application is achieved after great efforts. Computer training or IT education in UK requires a meticulous training process during which a particular individual is trained and prepared to become a ready part of an industry.
Computer courses for IT education in UK are generally divided as:
Networking and hardware courses
Soft skills and other courses
Software courses include C++, JAVA, .NET, Oracle etc. Networking and hardware programme courses include HCE, HCNE, HCSA, HCSP, HCTS etc. Database courses comprise of Oracle 10g 2005, SQL Server 2008 etc. Soft skills and other courses comprise of Smart kidz, short-term courses in computer application etc.
Let us thoroughly discuss about networking and hardware programme in this article.
Networking and hardware programme
The role of an IT professional is not restricted to a single technology; an IT professional should be an all-rounder in every computer technology or technique. Industry requires professionals who have all-round knowledge in computer. Networking and hardware programsin UK is in huge demand as they provide a promising field for IT professionals. Jobs in networking and hardware programs also offer attractive salaries.
Course content of networking and hardware programs in UK include:
Advanced Networking and security
Basic hardware and server technology
System Engineering on Microsoft technologies
Networking technology and devices
Linux Administration & security
Wireless Network Administration
Post course completion of hardware and network programme, the trainee is ready to start working as:
Network Security Specialist
Junior Network Analyst
Additional features of IT education in UK include prometric exam center, MCTS certifications, institutional alliances facilities etc.
Prometric Exam Center
IT candidates take exams like Sun, Microsoft, (SCJP, SCWCD, SCBCD, SCEA and SCJA) etc at a particular authorized prometric exam center. A well-organized prometric exam center provides well-equipped lab systems and cool ‘distraction free’ testing environment which provide candidates the best place to write online exams.
MCTS in UK
Course for (Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist) MCTS in UK is provided in elite IT institutes. The benefits of MCTS in UK are manifold. MCTS certifications are specially designed to suit the relevant IT skills of trainees on the features and functionality of key technologies. Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certification also benefits IT students with access to MCP (Microsoft Certified Professional) resources and benefits.
Institutional Alliances- A plus benefit for IT institutes
Institutional Alliances bring people and programs together. Some striking benefits of institutional alliances include:
Assists faculty development program for partner institute or college
Through institutional alliances there will be well-manoeuvred utilization of institutional infrastructure
Placement assistance programs boost institute’s reputation
Cutting-edge technology, experienced and certified faculties, world-class infrastructure etc are other factors which accredit an IT training center as a reputed institute in the market.